All Posts

The Genitive Case and Possession

The genitive case is the least frequently used of the four cases, but that's no excuse to slack off. Learn how genitive nouns differ from pronoun possessors and fulfil your life's purpose of learning all the Icelandic!

The Reflexive Possessive Pronoun sinn

Learn the mysteries of the Icelandic sinn, impress your friends, woo you crush, and finally experience the nirvana-like state of understanding this confusing word!

Personal Pronouns and Possession

Learn about his and her and everything in between!

The Possessive Pronouns minn and þinn

Mine, my own, my precious! Gollum knew the importance of drawing clear boundaries around what's yours, and you should, too! Learn to use the words minn and þinn so you can tell the cops it's not your illegal substance, it's THEIRS!


"Að verða" is one of the most common verbs in the language, so OF COURSE it has to be confusing. Learn to tell the different meanings of this very important word!

U-Shift in Unstressed Syllables

I don't shift, you shift! Have you noticed how a seemingly random "u" pops up in many words and wondered what it's doing there? Well, wonder no more!


"a" is a letter of many hats. It likes to dress up as a "u", but why? Because of u-shift, that's why!


Do you sometimes say that you have your friends when you mean you're with them, and that you're with a hostage when you mean you have him? Clarify your understanding of "með" so the cops can understand you more clearly!

í, á, yfir, undir

The difference between riding your bike to school and riding it around the halls at school is one small case difference. Learn the difference between the accusative and dative with these prepositions!

Locative Adverbs

If you use the words whence, whither, and thence in English, you'll sound archaic or mad. If you use them in Icelandic, you'll sound like a native. Let's make these tricky locative adverbs easier!

Sem vs. að

Advanced, independent learners mix up sem and að like nobody's business. Avoid this mistake with some easy tips!

í vs. fyrir

You're probably using í and fyrir wrong. Don't worry: everybody does, at some point. Let's set these confusing prepositions straight!

Eitthvað vs. svolítið

Can I tell you something? eitthvað maybe doesn't mean quite what you think it means!

Verb Second – V2

Who's on first? Does this article finally answer the age-old question posed by Abbot and Costello back in 1938? No, obviously not, but it helps to learn about verb second word order!

Basic Word Order

Welcome to Icelandic 101, day 1 hour 0, square one, baby's first steps. Basic word order awaits!

Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs - they're like verbs, but phrases! They can be challenging, but you’ll have to place upwards alongside (put up with) them.

Decoding Dictionary Shorthand

Dictionary shorthand: the original text speak? No, obviously not, but still important to learn!

Basics of Cases

If I had a króna for every time I'm asked about how cases work I wouldn't need a day job. Learn the basics of this popular topic now!

Why So Many Whys?

Want to get an Icelandic philosophy degree? You're gonna have to read a whole lot more than this guide, but it'll get you started. Learn all the different ways of asking why!

Challenging Question Words

What's the difference between "who" and "whom"? Whom cares? Learn about some challenging Icelandic question words instead!

Question Words Overview

What - or who? - are the Icelandic question words?

Hugsa, spá, pæla, halda, finnast: How to Say “Think”

Thinking about thinking. Do you think it's a meta article? What do you think of that? Learn the different ways to say "think" in Icelandic!

The Future

In this article: eels, hovercrafts, dictatorial mice. Also, how to talk about the future in Icelandic. Now stop saying 'mun' so much!

Semi-Deictic Timing

This weekend, next Monday and last spring: learn to use the words next and last to talk about time in Icelandic!


Work in time but finish on time: learn the mysteries of the Icelandic words for duration!

How to Tell the Time

What time is it? IT'S ICELANDIC LEARNING TIME! This article won't teach you any classic puns, but it will make telling time easier!

Point-Relative Timing

Ten minutes ago, you didn't know how to say "ten minutes ago" in Icelandic. You still don't. Fix that by reading about Point-Relative Timing!


Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Learn about Icelandic comparisons!

Non-Deictic Timing

When is your birthday? You should really learn to say that in Icelandic!

Deictic Timing

Deictic: a fancy word for a simple idea. What's today in Icelandic? What about the day after the day after the day after tomorrow?

Possession and Body Parts

Quick question: are you attached to your kidneys? Learn how to explain that to Icelandic organ harvesters!

Cases and Possession

Is this car-the his John's? Icelandic possession can sound like alphabet soup gone wrong, but you can master it!

Cases and Impersonal Verbs

Verbs that don't change, dative sickness, and the language police: Impersonal verbs are an interesting topic.


“Við” pops up all over the place and it never seems to mean the same thing. Learn how to peg this critter down.

Obligation and Necessity 

You should have needed to have to be supposed to read about Icelandic obligation and necessity.

The ng/nk Rule

Icelandic is pretty close to being read the way it’s written, but it’s got a couple of tricks up its sleeve.

Vita, þekkja, kunna, rata: How to Say "Know"

Find out why Icelandic has so many words for this seemingly simple idea. Know your knows!

Já and Jú

How do you say ‘yes’ in Icelandic? You’d think it’s a simple question.

Basic Word Order – V2

In Icelandic word order, everything revolves around this one principle: V2.

Cases and Prepositions

Cases are hard. We make them easier with this instalment in our series on Cases

Eiga, hafa and vera með: How to Say "Have"

Have time, be with pens, own children. The Icelandic words for "have" seem difficult. We'll make it easier!


What are the most common conjunctions in Icelandic? What are the weirdest?